KALELKAR COMMISSION REPORT PDF

This is a two-part piece which analyses the Indra Sawhney Case — a case that is famous for both settling several issues and unsettling several others in the great Indian backward-class-reservation jurisprudence. We hope you enjoy reading this as much as we have enjoyed putting this together. Union of India, established a central role for itself in every debate on the sensitive issue of reservations in India. One of the avowed objectives of the Indian Constitution is the creation of an egalitarian society, including, and especially, by way of the eradication of caste and the caste system. In support of this objective, several successive governments have devised various affirmative action policies to eradicate caste and support the social mobility of backward classes. These measures typically include reserving seats in representative and educational institutions or public employment for members of certain classes that have been traditionally and historically marginalised.

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All these measures have resulted into such situations whose consequences are bound to be disastrous. A few important effects have been: 1 Casteism has been granted a fresh lease of life. Surprisingly, the Supreme Court also accepted the idea of reservations in government service on caste basis. Is the idea of reservation on caste basis not erroneous for our country? Will it create an egalitarian system? Will it develop a cohesive and an integrated society? The first argument is that reservation in educational institutions and government jobs, by itself cannot achieve much.

In fact, if extended to larger sections of the population, they can be counterproductive too Dube, September, Reservation will further divide the population artificially. Sometime back, it was ordered that caste will not be mentioned in applications for jobs. But if the reservation policy is to be continued for SCs, STs and OBCs, the applicants will have to mention their caste, otherwise how will they be known?

This will fragment the Hindu society into pieces. If this goes on even for years more, there will be total disruption. The society should immediately think of bringing about conditions where all jobs and admissions are decided only on merit in an open competition, in which all aspirants are assured of a fair chance. The fourth argument is that our experience in the last 50 years has shown that the reservation policy has not delivered the desired results.

Reservation in jobs and in educational institutions has benefited only a few tribes and a few castes. The seventies, the eighties and the first six years of the nineties witnessed countrywide waves of violent protests. There is another school of thought which favours reservations. In fact, it has been aggravated. A new era of social justice and equality still remains a dream to be achieved.

The English-speaking educated middle class has come to control and operate levers of state power. It has emerged as the ruling class of the country. There is one school of thought, which favors reservations but wants economic need and not caste as the basis of reservation.

They hold that this will help the deserving poor of all classes and castes to rise in society. The disadvantaged groups do need protection but it cannot be extended en masse and for all time to come. As soon as it is found that they no longer need the crutches of reservations, all jobs should be declared open to all.

The vote banks are more important to them than the future of the country. Earlier politicians never bothered about such vote-banks. Even intellectuals like B. Ambedkar were against the caste politics. Castes are anti-national. They bring about separation in social life and generate jealousy and antipathy between caste and caste. If we wish to become a nation in reality, we must oppose caste feelings. Public opinion needs to be mobilized against the policy of reservation, and the government and the politicians have to be made to realize that it is not in the national interest to continue the system of caste quotas.

Time has come to introduce some changes in the reservation policy. Those states which have fixed quota more that this should be given a time-limit of two-three years to fall in line and bring reservation quota to 50 per cent. This would avoid conflicts between junior reserved category employees and senior general category employees and check heartburn and demoralization of people in the latter category.

In no case should the minimum standards be compromised. In Tamil Nadu, 34 castes out of backward castes have cornered about 75 per cent of the seats in three major professional courses. Will the continued retention of such castes in the list of backward castes not be detrimental to the interests of large majority of other backward castes? It is time that we tackled all problems of reservation with sanity and rationality. What are the youth to do then? The youth in India have to realize that reservation of OBCs is not the only crucial problem to fight for or against.

If they want to protect their future, if they want to be the future elite of the nation, they have to raise their voice against the self-centred political leaders.

They can propose certain amendments in the reservation policy to ensure that instead of benefit being drawn only by a few tribes, castes and OBC families, it should benefit a large number of deserving people belonging to both the forward and the backward castes. Second, there should be no compromise on quality and efficiency. Related Articles:.

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Mandal Commission Report

All these measures have resulted into such situations whose consequences are bound to be disastrous. A few important effects have been: 1 Casteism has been granted a fresh lease of life. Surprisingly, the Supreme Court also accepted the idea of reservations in government service on caste basis. Is the idea of reservation on caste basis not erroneous for our country? Will it create an egalitarian system? Will it develop a cohesive and an integrated society? The first argument is that reservation in educational institutions and government jobs, by itself cannot achieve much.

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Kalelkar Commission

Kigat The commission shall endeavor to present the report to the state government by the 30th june and may furnish to the government an interim report earlier on any special aspect of their work, if so desired, by the government of tamil nadu or the commission. Report of the backward classes commission tamil nadu It is also known as the first backward classes commission, or the kaka kalelkar commission. The expert panel approached the project through a set of tasks such as. The Commission was directed to determine the criteria to be adopted in considering whether any section of people should be treated as socially and educationally backward.

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Mandal Commission

References[ edit ] Its terms of references were to: 1. Determine the criteria to be adopted in considering whether any sections of the people in the territory of India in addition to the SC and ST as socially and educationally backward classes, using such criteria it was to prepare a list of such classes setting out also their approximate members and their territorial distribution. Investigate the conditions of all such socially and educationally backward classes and the differences under which they labour and make recommendations 1. Investigate such other matters as the president may hereafter refer to them and 4. Present to the president a report setting out the facts as found by them and making such recommendations as they think proper. For identifying socially and educationally backward classes, the commission adopted the following criteria: 1.

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