Product Development Company Profile and History The introduction of telecommunications services in Ethiopia dates back to , when Minilik II, the King of Ethiopia, introduced telephone technology to the country. However the first Ethiopian pioneer of telephony was his cousin Ras Mekonnen who came back with telephone apparatus in after his visit of Italy and established a company. The company was placed under government control at the beginning of the twentieth century, and was later brought to operate under the auspices of the Ministry of Post and Communications. In , telecommunications services were separated from the postal administration, and structured under the Ministry of Transport and Communications. It retained this name until November The Ethiopian Telecommunications Service as well as the Ethiopian Telecommunications Authority ETA was in charge of both the operation and regulation of telecommunications service in Ethiopia.
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Table Of Contents Ethiopian government progresses with telecom liberalisation Ethiopia was one of the last countries in Africa to allow its national telco a monopoly on all telecom services including fixed, mobile, internet and data communications. However, in June the government approved legislation which will open the market to competition and provide much needed foreign investment.
The process to part-privatise Ethio Telecom advanced in September when the company was audited, while two licenses are expected to be offered to two international operators by the end of the year. Despite the stimulus from market competition, there has been considerable investment in telecoms services, infrastructure and service expansion projects in recent years.
Most of the technologies deployed thus far have been provided by ZTE and Huawei, which have often been preferred for offering vendor financing. In preparation for competition in the mobile market, Ethio Telecom has placed the expansion of LTE services as a cornerstone of its investment program to With retail prices now comparable to other more developed markets in the region, pricing will come under further pressure from as the two international new operators launch services.
This should be a catalyst for steady growth in all sectors in coming years. BuddeComm notes that the outbreak of the Coronavirus in is having a significant impact on production and supply chains globally. During the coming year the telecoms sector to various degrees is likely to experience a downturn in mobile device production, while it may also be difficult for network operators to manage workflows when maintaining and upgrading existing infrastructure.
Overall progress towards 5G may be postponed or slowed down in some countries. On the consumer side, spending on telecoms services and devices is under pressure from the financial effect of large-scale job losses and the consequent restriction on disposable incomes. However, the crucial nature of telecom services, both for general communication as well as a tool for home-working, will offset such pressures. In many markets the net effect should be a steady though reduced increased in subscriber growth.
Although it is challenging to predict and interpret the long-term impacts of the crisis as it develops, these have been acknowledged in the industry forecasts contained in this report. The report also covers the responses of the telecom operators as well as government agencies and regulators as they react to the crisis to ensure that citizens can continue to make optimum use of telecom services.
This can be reflected in subsidy schemes and the promotion of tele-health and tele-education, among other solutions.
Frehiwot Tamiru is the First Woman CEO of Ethio Telecom Company
Fundamental rights and freedoms All persons are equal before the law and guaranteed equal effective protection, without discrimination on grounds of race, nation, nationality, or other social origin, color, sex, language, political or other opinion property, birth or other status. Every one has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion freedom, either indi Officials of the France-based telecom company, a. ETC had in excess of 12, employees. Moreover, the telecom monopoly has been engaged in restructuring not only its human resources but also the services it renders, which is displeasing customers, writes The arrival of the France-based telecom giant was welcomed by many with a sigh of relief, especially for a country whose Internet connectivity has been very poor.
Overview[ edit ] The telephone system in Ethiopia consists of open wire and microwave radio relay systems adequate for government use. Domestic systems are open wire; microwave radio relay; radio communication in the HF , VHF , and UHF frequencies; two domestic satellites provide the national trunk service. International systems are open wire to Djibouti and Sudan ; microwave radio relay to Djibouti and Kenya ; and satellite earth stations are 3 Intelsat 1 Atlantic Ocean and 2 Pacific Ocean. City codes i. Phone numbers changed from six digits to seven.