He then goes on to discuss works that were wrongly claimed to have been written by Peter or by Paul as well as other forgeries, including some in the last two centuries. Most of the forgeries Ehrman discusses served Christian anti-Jewish propaganda, although some were antipagan, while the so-called Gospel of Nicodemus was an attempt to correct the very anti-Christian Acts of Pilate. Craft, emerita, Longwood Univ. Their readers, had they known, would probably have called them liars and condemned what they did.

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Shelves: religion-spirituality , nonfiction , good-but-flawed I am a nominal Roman Catholic. I attend mass once a week; I send my children to Catholic school; my wife teaches at Catholic school; I am a semi-active volunteer in my parish community; I even play in the Sunday evening worship band. Yes, Catholics can have worship bands, too. For most of my life, up until a few years ago, I would have described myself as an evangelical Christian.

I spent my formative years in the Presbyterian Church USA then, for over a decade, I was a member and very active participant in the Evangelical Covenant denomination.

I played in the worship band in that church also, and yes, the music was better there … much better … I miss it. I once found Truth in the Protestant Church, especially in its more evangelical forms. I also find plenty to disagree with in both. Spiritually, I am probably best described as a Teilhardian agnostic. You already know what an agnostic is; look up Pierre Teilhard de Chardin for the other half of my spiritual equation.

I attend mass primarily because I find meaning and sustenance in the act and ritual of the Eucharist. All of the above is simply to establish who I am and what I believe in the most general terms.

And perhaps I could present you with a declaration from my wife, signed under penalty of perjury, stating that I stayed up too late one night writing this review and that she was annoyed because the kids had gone to bed and she wanted me to "come to bed" wink wink, nudge nudge and this review sounds like me and says things that her arrogant bastard husband likely would say.

Assume that Ian Foster of Vista, California, actually wrote it and he actually believes the things the review says he believes. I want to discuss this concept called intellectual honesty. When I drop something like this in the lap of a conservative Christian friend, his or her typical response is something like: "Forgery? You mean incorrectly attributed authorship, right?

Forgery is immoral … forgery is illegal … forgery is wrong. That would be a better description of the gospels, which were written anonymously and, only a century or two later, were attributed to Mathew, Mark, Luke, and John.

Those are almost certainly mistaken attributions for several empirical and historical reasons, the specifics of which are not the topic of this review. The same is also probably true of Acts and Hebrews. But a number of New Testament books, including six alleged letters of Paul, were forgeries, plain and simple.

As we all know, a document can be written anonymously or the document itself can make a claim of authorship. Within the former category are the four gospels plus Acts and Hebrews; none of those six documents makes a claim of authorship on its face. Within the latter category are the remaining 21 books of the New Testament. However, to the surprise of many a Christian, nearly all modern scholars agree that the authorship of only seven of those books is certain. The remainder are believed to be pseudonymous; that is, 14 books of the New Testament were written by somebody other than who is stated as the author in the documents themselves.

By "Pauline letters" I mean the 13 or 14 New Testament books which are traditionally attributed to Paul. One was written anonymously--Hebrews--and people have argued for centuries about whether Paul wrote it. Of those 13, scholars agree that Paul wrote seven: Romans, 1st and 2nd Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1st Thessalonians, and Philemon.

Six are believed to be written by people other than Paul: Ephesians, Colossians, 2nd Thessalonians, 1st and 2nd Timothy, and Titus. This has been demonstrated through extensive statistical study of every word contained in every Pauline letter.

Bart Ehrman argues that the same, now unknown, person wrote 1st and 2nd Timothy and Titus because of similarities in vocabulary, historical context and writing style; he believes Ephesians, Colossians, and 2nd Thessalonians were written by three different people.

Not every scholar, perhaps, is willing to use the term "forgery," but the scholarly consensus is Paul did not write those six letters. Yet it seems clear to me that "forgery" is the correct term. And the thing is, it worked. It worked spectacularly. People believed he was Paul and they listened to what he had to say. How do we know this? We know because the letter made it into the Christian Canon and, for or more years, people believed Paul was the author.


Forged: Writing in the Name of God

ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. The reasons the latter six are believed to be forgeries are numerous and differ letter-by-letter, but can be summarized generally as follows: This other letter allegedly teaches an idea that Paul himself op- poses. Having read the book, he makes a pretty convincing case, and I want to learn more about scholarly reaction and whether this is the developing new consensus. Ehrman rather thinks the book a forgery not only because of its theology but because its attitude toward Jews is anachronistic and belongs to the second century, which is when this gospel was probably written 14a hundred years after Peter 19s probable death. I also thought the book rather repetitive in places, though probably not bad for a lay reader who has never engaged this sort of thing before. This is a first edition.


Forgeries Served Christian Propaganda





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