Incorporates requirements previously only contained in TM rescinded para Adds requirements for underground facilities para, para , figure , and para c. Adds requirements for plans to provide safety, security, and environmental protection in emergency response para Adopts DOD revisions to criteria for hazard division 1. Provides corrections to quantity-distance requirements for public highways para Provides corrections to unbarricaded intraline distance requirements para d 3.
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Incorporates requirements previously only contained in TM rescinded para Adds requirements for underground facilities para, para , figure , and para c.
Adds requirements for plans to provide safety, security, and environmental protection in emergency response para Adopts DOD revisions to criteria for hazard division 1. Provides corrections to quantity-distance requirements for public highways para Provides corrections to unbarricaded intraline distance requirements para d 3. Provides corrections to facilities siting criteria chap 5.
Provides corrections to magazine siting criteria chap 5. Corrects qualification requirements for personnel responsible for electrical maintenance, inspection and testing para c 1. Clarifies lighting protection electrical test requirements for earth covered magazines table Corrects DD Form inspection requirements motor vehicles loaded with explosives, ammunition, or other hazardous material para a and Adds information on DOD explosives safety surveys para f.
Changes construction requirements for explosives buildings para Provides changes to requirements for barricaded open storage modules and barricades and earth cover for magazines para c, d 3 , and Provides quantity-distance requirements for maritime prepositioning ships para d 7 and table Provides changes to lightning protection requirements chap 12 Adds requirements from the Munitions Rule para and chap Changes safety requirements for contingency deployment ammunition operations in a less than wartime environment chap Changes safety requirements for wartime operations chap Changes earth covered magazine criteria app G.
Adds explosives safety program management requirements app J. Establishes management controls for fire prevention, suppression and protection as applicable to Army ammunition and explosives chap 3. Provides an overview of the Joint Hazard Classification System JHCS and establishes storage principles for the various compatibility groupings of ammunition and explosives chap 4. Establishes quantities of explosives material and distance separation requirements that provide defined levels of protection chap 5.
Establishes requirements for the installation and use of electrical service and equipment in Army explosives facilities chap 6. Defines regulations and guidance regarding shipment of Army explosives and other dangerous articles chap 7. Establishes requirements and provides definitive material on the preparation and submittal of explosives and toxic chemical site plans chap 8.
Explains the purpose, denotes minimum requirements and defines responsibilities of the Army explosives licensing program chap 9. Establishes requirements for the movement of Army units to ports during times of war, peace, or national emergency chap Provides the minimum technical criteria for lightning protection of explosives areas and facilities chap Sets forth requirements for storage of ammunition and explosives within the Army chap Establishes peacetime operational requirements concerning CONUS and OCONUS ammunition and explosives activities, training operations, contingency force operations and airfields used by military aircraft in the theater of operations chap Provides guidance for the safe handling, transportation, and storage of ammunition during wartime and contingency operations chap Defines the Army criteria pertaining to the storage and handling of commercial explosives chap Provides guidance on the requirements and procedures for the disposal of ammunition, explosives and propellants chap Changes are shown with underscore and tint.
This pamphlet provides force protection guidance for commanders with an ammunition or explosives mission. It provides procedures to protect military and civilian Army employees, the public, and the environment.
It also sets forth procedures for use when transporting ammunition or explosives over the public highway. Ammunition and explosives under U. Storage must conform with Army standards for explosives safety unless the use of other criteria such as North Atlantic Treaty Organization NATO or host nation has been agreed to or is mandatory.
A copy of all agreements will also be made a permanent part of the real property records. Provisions of this pamphlet apply in wartime, peacetime, and in contingency situations. Proponent and exception authority. The proponent of this pamphlet is the Under Secretary of the Army. The Under Secretary of the Army has the authority to approve exceptions to this pamphlet that are consistent with controlling law and regulation. The Under Secretary of the Army may delegate this authority, in writing, to a division chief within the proponent agency who holds the grade of colonel or the civilian equivalent.
Suggested Improvements. Army Technical Center for Explosives Safety. Army Reserve. This publication was originally printed on 28 November It was authenticated by Dennis J. Hudson, Administrative Assistant to the Secretary of the Army. This electronic edition publishes the basic edition and incorporates change 1.
Change 1 was printed on 15 December and was authenticated by Eric K. Chapter 1 Introduction Purpose This pamphlet explains the Armys safety criteria and standards for operations involving ammunition and explosives prescribed by AR , for the United States Army, GOCO facilities, and contractor operations on Government property.
References Required and related publications are listed in appendix A. Explanation of abbreviations and terms Abbreviations and special terms used in this pamphlet are explained in the glossary. Implementation a. This pamphlet provides the guidance to implement AR Adhering to its procedures will ensure safe and proper storage and handling of ammunition and explosives. Mandatory requirements are those in which the term shall, will, or must is used and no deviation is permitted without specific written authority in the form of a waiver or exemption as detailed in AR Advisory provisions are those in which the term may or should is used, and no deviation is permitted unless local waivers are authorized in writing by local commander or his or her designee.
In new construction or building modification, advisory standards be come mandatory. Some of the procedures used in carrying out the U. Army Explosives Safety Program are outlined in publications that are not published by the Army and are not available through standard supply channels.
Policy on existing explosives facilities A program should be locally developed to correct deficiencies if such deficiencies exist where previously constructed explosives facilities do not comply with current safety standards. The program priority items should be based on a hazard analysis and risk assessment of each violation. Chapter 2 General Safety Precautions Hazard analysis and risk assessment All operations involving ammunition and explosives will be reviewed to identify and manage the risk associated with the operation see fig A risk assessment shall be performed on all new or modified industrial operations and facilities involving ammunition and explosives.
The assessment will review such factors as 1 Initiation sensitivity; 2 Quantity of materials; 3 Heat output; 4 Rate of burning; 5 Potential ignition and initiation sources; 6 Protection capabilities of shields, various types of clothing, and fire protection systems; and, 7 The acute and chronic health hazards of hot vapors and combustion products on exposed personnel. Ammunition and explosives operations will require an operational or task hazard analysis prior to writing a new standing operating procedure SOP for an ammunition or explosives operation or before the biannual review of an existing ammunition or explosives operation.
Personnel conducting the hazard analysis will be knowledgeable 1 In ammunition and explosives safety; 2 In the task to be performed; and, 3 In the methods used to conduct a hazard analysis. Personnel qualifications Personnel working with explosives will be trained in the tasks to be performed.
They must understand the hazards, standards, procedures, and precautions that apply to their work. Use of written standards Written standards must be developed and used for each explosives operation. These standards may be based on standards found in Army publications such as regulations or technical manuals, or in higher headquarters standard publications.
SOPs for all explosives operations ensure workers have the information necessary to perform their tasks safely. SOPs must be readily available at the work site. Applicable parts of the SOP will be clearly posted at all workstations in the operation, such as bays within a building. When posting within the work site is not practical, the SOP will be posted at the entrance to the site.
All SOPs for explosives operations will identify potentially hazardous items or conditions. Explosives workers observing hazardous or potentially hazardous conditions will notify their supervisor immediately. Supervisors will correct the operations or practices which, if allowed to continue, could reasonably be expected to cause death or serious physical harm to personnel or major system damage, or endanger the installations capacity to accomplish its mission. Procedures will be written in English and in the language workers understand if they do not understand English.
Written procedures are not required for explosives ordnance disposal EOD emergency operations in connection with an approved render-safe procedure. Personnel and explosives limits Operations must be conducted in a manner which exposes the minimum number of people to the smallest quantity of explosives for the shortest period of time consistent with conducting the operation.
Examples are as follows: a. Tasks not necessary to the operation will be prohibited within the immediate area of the hazard produced by the operation. Personnel limits must be clearly posted for each operation and must not be exceeded during the operation. Limits for explosives operations will be included in the SOP. Where concurrent operations must be performed in a single building, the layout will be planned to protect from blast overpressure and to provide separation of dissimilar explosives hazards by using substantial dividing walls, barricades, or other means to ensure maximum personnel protection.
Personnel not needed for the operation will be prohibited from visiting. This does not prohibit official visits by safety, quality control QC , management, or inspection personnel, up to established personnel limits. Each worker will ensure explosives limits for the work area are not exceeded.
Limits will be expressed in total net explosive weight NEW , number of units, or the number of trays, boxes, pallets, or other units which are more easily controlled. Explosives limits will be based on the minimum quantity of explosives sufficient for the operation. Limits will not exceed the quantity used during half a work shift, and will be consistent with quantity-distance Q-D separation criteria.
DA PAM 385-64
Identification systems assist in identifying specific hazards associated with different types of munitions. Before loading vehicles, ensure that the following actions have been arr Practical Bomb Scene Investigation. Army Combat Skills Handbook. However, after careful evaluation of the mission, a certain amount of risk can be taken in combat and SASO that would be unacceptable in peacetime operations. At minimum, handlers will wear proper protective gloves, safety shoes, and eye protection. This accident occurred when the munitions in one vehicle ignited, and the resulting fire spread to adjacent vehicles that were parked too close together.
DA PAM 385-64 Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards
DA PAM 385-64 Ammunition and Explosives Safety Standards