Additionally, I will be discussing the far-reaching effects of negative labeling an individual, with respect to concepts such as labeling theory, the self-fulfilling prophecy, and master status. His two years of direct behavioral research allowed him to thoroughly scrutinize the effects of class on the Saints and the Roughnecks. Barsanti, Chambliss which was first published in

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Chambliss conducted a study of the Saints and the Roughnecks, two teenage delinquent groups. The Saints were higher class individuals who were perceived as well dressed, highly achieving, diligent students.

However, the Saints would cheat during tests, lie to the school to leave town and play pranks and drunkenly drive in another town. On the contrary, the Roughnecks were middle class teenagers who were treated as criminals, would steal from local stores to buy alcohol, fight constantly and receive barely passing grades in school. Deviance is challenging action against any regard of social order, and crime can be considered a deviant act that breaks law.

It postulates that that crime and deviance occur when the collective conscience is weakened, anomie, which is the condition of normlessness, pervades society. Thus, this may have caused anomie, which Robert Merton used to describe a society where means and goals are not harmonious to a point in which a strain is caused between them. Furthermore, he expanded this by developing modes of adaption, ways in which the individual reaches his or her goal. In fact, two modes, innovation and ritualism, can be noticed.

Other theories Other theories may also sociologically explain the behavior of the two groups. The Differential Association Theory theorizes that criminal behaviors are learned through communication with interpersonal groups.

Moreover, the Roughnecks also relate to attachment and belief, another social control element, because at times they felt school was simply a burden and that the police would be unfair to them at times. The Subculture of Delinquency and the Lower-class Focal Concerns Theory cannot absolutely relate to the Roughnecks and the Saints because the theories study low-class individuals, whereas the the groups are of higher classes. Also, the Roughnecks can be described under this theory, in which the criminal and retreatist subcultures relate to the group because both emphasize on alcohol and the latter relates to absence of goals.

It can be argued that most of the Roughnecks perceived no concrete or success goals, which is why the group spent a substantial amount of their time stealing for alcohol. The Social Conflict and Symbolic Integrationist perspectives explain the deviant situation most efficiently.

Applying the theories — what works? To prevent their delinquency, the Roughnecks and the Saints must be perceived differently by the community. Functionalism, Symbolic Interactionism Labeling Theory and the Conflict Theory can all help to create social policies for both groups. Firstly, the functions of the school, family and the police must be stricter upon the Saints.

However, when the deviant acts do occur in the distant town, the police should be punctual of the law and refrain from listening to begging. In the case of the Roughnecks, the police and family can perform their functions.

The police can be stricter, but fairer. In other words, the police should only accuse or take any authoritative action when a criminal act is confirmed, rather than just giving pointless threats to the Roughnecks. Of the functionalist study, this can prevent anomie, and the Roughnecks can utilize or maintain their learned cultural goals. The school can view the Roughnecks more positively before and after the Roughnecks seize or decrease their deviant mannerisms.

Social Conflict and Symbolic Interactionism may best answer the two analytical questions about why the community viewed the Saints more positively than they viewed the Roughnecks and why their careers were different in terms of expectations.

Firstly and most blatantly, Social Conflict theorists would emphasize that the Saints had more wealth, so the Saints were able to traverse away from local observation. In fact, the Roughnecks had to remain very close to their core community and were constantly observed by teachers and policeman during times of loitering and other deviant actions. The Roughnecks did not possess enough financial power to roam around and avoid staying in or visiting a same area more than once.

Social conflict theorists also argue that the higher class individuals, the Saints, in this case, would attempt to maintain their standard; however, the Roughnecks would ignorantly talk back to people of authority. On the other hand, the Roughnecks would have to steal to get money and buy alcohol through a drunkard. Additionally, the Saints would manipulate laws and regulations because their socio-economic status awarded them with close contact with those in legislative or lawful power.

Thus, this economic difference would help shape the distinct careers. But the Symbolic Interactionism perspective would best describe the reasons for the career outcomes. Firstly, though, how the Roughnecks were viewed must be evaluated first. Because of their more visible and physically closer deviance, which included fighting, the Roughnecks were labeled by the community as dangerous, delinquent teenagers. On the contrary, the more posh Saints would use excuses of academic leadership and apologetic thoughts to fool the teachers and policeman, respectively.

In clearer words, Herb and Jack broke off the deviance pattern, whereas Jerry could not. Conversely, the Saints, as they were labeled as better citizens, would successfully exceed in the future theoretically because the community perceived them as committing no or little delinquency, which would save them from legal or authoritative impeachment.


The Saints versus The Roughnecks: A Sociological Study

The one group was referred to as The Saints and were seen in society as a respectable bunch of boys that will grow up to be quite successful in life. Both groups of boys were involved in many criminal offenses, The Saints even more than The Roughnecks, but only The Roughnecks were arrested for their crimes. The Saints were eight middle to upper-class boys that obviously came from well-off stable families. They performed decently in school academics and if they were slipping the teachers would give them a better grade because they considered them hardworking and respectable.


The Saints and the Roughnecks - Chambliss

It will demonstrate relevant sociological theories, perspectives and other critical concepts captured in the study. The theories addressed are social learning theory, social strain theory, and rational choice theory. The theory states that learned criminal behavior allows individuals to see illegal activities within the context of normative ethics. The Saints, a gang of youths take delinquent activities as normal behavior. They use the school and town environment to engage in delinquent behavior.


Thought Response: The Saints and the Roughnecks Analytical Essay


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