Vogis He was not only a poet but also a musician who has tuned and sung his poetry with good music. Read Post a comment. Bharathi did not live for himself but for the people and nation. Rahman at the launch of his biography. But Bharathi was very clear that unless Indians unite as children of Mother India, they could not achieve freedom.
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Subbaiah, as he was named, went to the M. Hindu College in Tirunelveli. From a very young age, he was musically and poetically inclined. Bharati lost his mother at the age of five and was brought up by his father who wanted him to learn English, excel in arithmetic, and become an engineer. Around the age of 11, he was conferred the title of "Bharati", the one blessed by Saraswati , the goddess of learning.
He lost his father at the age of sixteen, but before that when he was 15, he married Chellamma who was seven years old. During his stay in Varanasi , Bharati was exposed to Hindu spirituality and nationalism. This broadened his outlook and he learned Sanskrit, Hindi and English. In addition, he changed his outward appearance. He also grew a beard and wore a turban due to his admiration of Sikhs, influenced by his Sikh friend.
Though he passed an entrance exam for a job, he returned to Ettayapuram during and started as the court poet of Raja of Ettayapuram for a couple of years.
Bharati joined as Assistant Editor of the Swadesamitran , a Tamil daily in He visualised the new woman as an emanation of Shakti, a willing helpmate of man to build a new earth through co-operative endeavour. Among other greats such as Bal Gangadhar Tilak, he considered Nivedita as his Guru , and penned verses in her praise. Bharati started to publish his poems regularly in these editions. Chidambaram Pillai and Mandayam Srinivachariar, which deepened the divisions within the Indian National Congress with a section preferring armed resistance, primarily led by Tilak over moderate approach preferred by certain other sections.
Bharati supported Tilak with V. Chidambaram Pillai and Kanchi Varathachariyar. Tilak openly supported armed resistance against the British.
In , the British instituted a case against V. Chidambaram Pillai. In the same year, the proprietor of the journal India was arrested in Madras. Faced with the prospect of arrest, Bharati escaped to Pondicherry , which was under French rule.
Both India and Vijaya were banned in India in Aiyar, who had also sought asylum under the French. He was imprisoned in the Central prison in Cuddalore in custody for three weeks from 20 November to 14 December and was released after the intervention of Annie Besant and C.
Ramaswamy Aiyar. He was stricken by poverty during this period, resulting in his ill health. The following year, , Bharati met Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He resumed editing Swadesimeitran from in Madras modern day Chennai. He was struck by an elephant named Lavanya at Parthasarathy temple , Triplicane , Chennai , whom he used to feed regularly. Although he survived the incident, a few months later his health deteriorated and he died on 11 September early morning around 1 am.
He delivered his last speech at Karungalpalayam Library in Erode, which was about the topic Man is Immortal.