BAHA MOUSA REPORT PDF

These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionThe chairman of the inquiry, Sir William Gage: "Baha Mousa had been made vulnerable by a range of factors" An Iraqi man died after suffering an "appalling episode of serious gratuitous violence" in a "very serious breach of discipline" by UK soldiers, a year-long inquiry has found. Its chairman, Sir William Gage, blamed "corporate failure" at the Ministry of Defence for the use of banned interrogation methods in Iraq. Baha Mousa died with 93 injuries in British army custody in Basra in Prime Minister David Cameron said such an incident should never happen again. He said such actions would only be used in future to "secure swiftly, in appropriate circumstances, the intelligence that can save lives". Mr Fox added: "What happened to Baha Mousa and his fellow detainees in September was deplorable, shocking and shameful

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These are external links and will open in a new window Close share panel Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionThe chairman of the inquiry, Sir William Gage: "Baha Mousa had been made vulnerable by a range of factors" An Iraqi man died after suffering an "appalling episode of serious gratuitous violence" in a "very serious breach of discipline" by UK soldiers, a year-long inquiry has found.

Its chairman, Sir William Gage, blamed "corporate failure" at the Ministry of Defence for the use of banned interrogation methods in Iraq. Baha Mousa died with 93 injuries in British army custody in Basra in Prime Minister David Cameron said such an incident should never happen again. He said such actions would only be used in future to "secure swiftly, in appropriate circumstances, the intelligence that can save lives". Mr Fox added: "What happened to Baha Mousa and his fellow detainees in September was deplorable, shocking and shameful At the heart of this is the death of Baha Mousa.

There is no place in our armed forces for the mistreatment of detainees. And there is no place for a perverted sense of loyalty that turns a blind eye to wrongdoing or erects a wall of silence to cover it up. He said moves to introduce recommendations of the report were "well advanced". Sir Peter added that the incident took place at a time the Army faced "hostile and intense" challenges but there could be "no excuses".

Sir William said a "large number" of soldiers assaulted Mr Mousa and the other detainees, and he added that many others - including several officers - must have known what was happening. He condemned members of the battalion for their "lack of moral courage to report abuse". He added the death was a "very great stain on the reputation of the Army, and no doubt they did at the time greatly damage some of the good work done by 1QLR and other units in Iraq".

However, crucially for the British army, the inquiry found no evidence of a wider culture of entrenched violence among British troops in Basra - although its terms of reference precluded any wider investigation.

But the inquiry does make clear that the training given to soldiers on prisoner handling and questioning was patchy, and crucially did not carry any reminder of the five so-called "conditioning" techniques that had been banned. However, Sir William does say that there was a clear message imparted to all soldiers about the importance of the humane treatment of prisoners of war and compliance with the Geneva Convention. The report is now in the hands of the Crown Prosecution Service, which will have to decide whether to take action against the individuals involved.

More must be done to give "practical guidance" to help personnel distinguish between unlawful stress positions and "legitimate use of force to effect a search, or an arrest or prevent assault or escape" Training to include a warning that conduct that can be expected of a non-Geneva Conventions compliant enemy does not reflect the standards required of British and Nato forces Mr Mousa, a father-of-two, died two days after his arrest. The inquiry concluded that the death was caused by a combination of his weakened physical state and a final bout of abuse.

Cpl Donald Payne had violently assaulted Mr Mousa in the minutes before he died, punching and possibly kicking him, and using a dangerous restraint method, the inquiry found. While this was a "contributory cause" in the death, Mr Mousa had already been weakened by factors including lack of food and water, heat, exhaustion, fear, previous injuries and the hooding and stress positions used by British troops.

Sir William said Payne was a "violent bully" who inflicted a "dreadful catalogue of unjustified and brutal violence" on the detainees, also encouraging more junior soldiers to do the same.

Payne became the first member of the British armed forces convicted of a war crime when he admitted inhumane treatment at a court martial in He was jailed for a year and dismissed from the Army. While it was accepted that commanding officer Col Jorge Mendonca was unaware of the abuse, Sir William said: "As commanding officer, he ought to have known what was going on in that building long before Baha Mousa died.

He said there was a " very serious breach of duty" on the part of Lt Rodgers, who was in charge of the soldiers guarding the prisoners for most of their detention, for not intervening or reporting up the chain of command. He also accused battalion padre Father Peter Madden of ignoring "the shocking condition of the detainees". In , following an investigation into treatment of prisoners in Northern Ireland, then-Prime Minister Edward Heath banned the use of hooding, white noise, sleep deprivation, food deprivation and painful stress positions - known as the "five techniques".

The inquiry found that use of hooding and stress positions on suspected Iraqi insurgents had become "standard operating procedure" among 1QLR soldiers. Mr Mousa was hooded for nearly 24 of the 36 hours he spent in British detention. Sir William makes it clear that this cannot be explained away as being simply the act of a few rogue soldiers. Had he been asked, he would have advised them that they were outlawed, he said.

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Baha Mousa Inquiry

Share via Email British soldiers inflicted "violent and cowardly" assaults on Iraqi civilians, subjecting them to "gratuitous" kickings and beatings, an inquiry into the death of the detainee Baha Mousa has found. In a devastating indictment of military culture, the retired appeal court judge Sir William Gage ruled that there was widespread ignorance of what was permitted in handling prisoners of war. The events that led to the death of Mousa were "deplorable, shocking and shameful", the defence secretary, Liam Fox, told the Commons. Although Gage did not suggest there had been a policy of systematic abuse towards Iraqi suspects, he deplored the absence of any "proper MoD doctrine on interrogation". The report at the end of the two-year inquiry contains savage criticisms of individual soldiers and officers as well as damning descriptions of poor internal communications, "loss of discipline and a lack of moral courage".

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